The three-year Syrian civil war had not only claimed a UN-estimated 191,300 casualties with most of them women and children; they have also destroyed some of Syria’s history in the conflict. Satellite images show the extent of destruction fighting between the Syrian regime and rebels had caused to ancient mosques, government buildings and castles. Some of these historical structures have been completely decimated.
According to University of Pennsylvania Museum Researcher Brian Daniels, they knew that the Syrian World Heritage sites had been damaged. The satellite images had shown the extent the destruction had brought to different sites.
Aleppo was hit greatly by aerial bombardment by the Syrian government. An old city dating back to 2,000BC, most of its structures, including the Great Mosque, a famous cultural and tourist site in Syria, had been pounded by bombs, causing craters in its eastern wall and shelling.
Aleppo’s Khusriwiye Mosque was completely erased. The Grand Serail was also heavily damaged, appearing with a crater on the satellite phtos.
In Bosra, buildings from the Roman, Byzantine and early Islamic periods have been ruined by bombardment and fighting. The ancient site of Palmyra was not left untouched. The Roman theatre had suffered from shelling and sniper activity. Rocket fire from infantry and shell fire from tanks have also caused damages.