About 800 Sudanese who made their way into Jordan to seek asylum and medical treatment with Jordan’s advanced medical technologies the government had returned to their respective countries on Wednesday.
Jordan Information Minister Mohammed Momani said many of them stowed to Jordan for medical treatment and not to seek asylum.
The Human Rights Watch said the deportation Jordan undertook was inhumane.
It “violates the customary international law principle of nonrefoulement, which forbids governments from returning people to places where they risk being persecuted, tortured, or exposed to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,” it explained.
Jordan has received more than 3,500 Sudanese asylum seekers in Jordan. Many of them came from the western region of Darfur. The war-torn region had seen ethnic conflicts persecute many Sudanese opposition.
Along with Sudanese migrants, Jordan is also hosting about 1.4 million Syrian refugees.
According to HRW Deputy Middle East Director Joe Stork:
“Jordan should not punish these Sudanese merely because they protested for better conditions and for resettlement consideration.”
Analysts believe that Jordan’s economic pressure from taking in refugees had played a role in decision making
To prevent the crossing of Islamic militants in the Islamic State, Jordan had to close their Iraq and Syrian borders. With business paralysed, the country is in peril of having an Islamic spillover.
The continuing violence in Iraq against the Islamic State and the increasing violence between Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and the opposition forced the closure of the Syrian-Jordan trade crossing.
The last route to Iraq and Syria, which takes a dangerous route towards Trebil, had many Jordanian businessmen losing their money. Trebil has become an enormously dangerous area.
Jordan’s total exports decreased nearly 17 percent in just two months into 2015. Jordan’s farmers and manufacturers are hard-hit by the border closure as Iraq and Syria are Jordan’s major markets.
Jordan, now suffering from handling Syrian refugees, is planning to enlist in the Jordanian army.
The IS allows the passing of cargo trucks with a price of $2,000, which are hurting Jordanian truckers.
Along with Jordan, Lebanon’s economy is suffering as it is losing its export market as it closed its own borders against Syria and Iraq. Jordan’s crossing will not open unless Islamic fighters amongst Syria’s rebels, the al-Nusra front, are still active.
Jordan and Lebanon both plan to introduce their market to East Africa or Russia. They both intend to build an infrastructure of relations with the two countries.
Independent Elections Commission spokesman Hussein Bani Hani said as Jordan undergoes political strains and electoral reforms, about 1.3 million Jordanians went to the polls, representing 56.6% of registered voters. The Jordanians completed voting last Wednesday in a landmark election that one outside observer said was free of any violations. For the first time, the country has allowed observers. It was the first time that an independent election commission oversaw polling. In the 17th time Jordan has gone to the polls to elect a parliament since becoming a nation in 1946, Wednesday’s balloting was an election of firsts.
The head of the European Union’s Election Observation Mission in Jordan, David Martin praised measures taken by a newly created commission in managing the elections and said there were no violations. The said mission will hold a press conference by Friday morning. Jordanian Foreign Minister Nasser Judeh said, “These elections today are the culmination of a constitutional process, the beginning of a new phase of reforms. It is a continuing process.”
Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour said on Wednesday, he had not yet submitted his resignation to King Abdullah II until elections are completed. Jordanians who are part of the Muslim Brotherhood were said to be boycotting the election, an action he described as not democratic, the state-run news agency Petra reported.
“Elections have been fairly smooth so far,” said David Martin, chief observer of the European Union Election Observing Mission. Some polling stations reported minor technical glitches, but there had been no “signs of intimidation,” he added.
Samih Maaytah, a government spokesman said, Wednesday’s balloting took place under the watchful eye of 47,000 police officers and another 7,000 election observers.
More than 3 million Jordanians were eligible to vote for candidates to the new 150-member House of Deputies, officials said. A field of more than 1,400 candidates vied for the seats.